新闻与链接

Scooter Companies vs. the Regulators
Regulators vs dockless mobility: it's what drove Mobike and Ofo into the ground in Guangzhou, and the experience is also familiar in the US.
Slate, 12/12/2018

Shenzhen's silent revolution: world's first fully electric bus fleet quietens Chinese megacity
Interesting though uncritical take on bus fleet electrification in Shenzhen, headlining the noise reduction benefits. Bus frequency is very high even in off-peak periods, with near empty electric buses ubiquitous in off-peak periods, providing an impressive level of passenger service. However, Shenzhen still does not manage to provide any real-time information on bus arrivals at bus stops, and the city does not provide any significant on-street bus priority anywhere, and the benefits of high bus frequency have nothing to do with electrification. The article does clear up one mystery: why such extremely high off-peak frequency even where buses are near empty? Evidently a large subsidy requires buses to meet operational-km targets. Our proposal for Shenzhen's next step forward for its 100% electric bus fleet? Implement BRT or meaningful bus priority and provide real-time bus arrival information for passengers at bus stops.
Guardian, 12/12/2018

Sydney's new 80km walk to be most spectacular in the world
"It was an act of imagination to have Sydneysiders understand the scale of public land around the harbour. The idea that you can walk from Bondi to Manly is a reality now". The multi-day walk would become a "major tourist attraction". It would be as good if not better than the world's great walking trails including North America's Appalachian Trail, the Camino de Santiago in France and Spain, and Cinque Terra in Italy. Together with federal and state government agencies, six related mayors agreed to link existing coastal and harbour-side walking tracks and paths, and erect consistent signs and directions. About 60 km of the trail is on public land. The rest will be on footpaths, including near Point Piper, Darling Point and Potts Point.
Sydney Morning Herald, 26/11/2018

河北沧州为改善空气质量 政府买单请市民免费坐公交
为切实改善空气质量,缓解城市交通压力,河北省沧州市决定请市民免费乘坐公交车,自2018年11月15日起至2019年3月15日,沧州市区内所有公交车免费乘坐。
新浪新闻, 16/11/2018

Milking Scooters for Cash Helps Cities Build for the Future
"In Austin, officials are charging companies $100 a bike or scooter during its experimental phase, and could raise tens of thousands annually. Mobility startups operating in Santa Monica, California, have shelled out a $20,000 each for the right to operate, plus $130 per each device on the street, plus $1 per device per day for the privilege of parking on the public sidewalk. (That last charge is modeled off the way the city charges restaurants for outdoor dining.) Participants’ in Los Angeles’ soon-to-launch scooter and bike program will have a similar setup. Portland, Oregon, meanwhile, is charging the companies operating there a 25-cent per trip fee."
Wired, 06/11/2018

Cities on the World Stage: A ‘superblock’ design that inspires more like it
Superblocks to the rescue? "The Superblock has the potential to address a number of urban priorities, including air quality, noise pollution, public health and social isolation. Barcelona’s leadership and ambition with the Superblock is refreshing, and others around the world are taking notice."
opencanada.org, 18/10/2018

4315公里车道!成都将打造“9廊27线216片”自行车网络
成都正在打造“轨道+公交+慢行”绿色交通体系,未来成都将打造 “9廊27线216片”自行车网络,规划自行车道共计4315公里。“9廊”为自行车专用道网络,规划里程共计300公里。“27线”为自行车主通道,规划里程共计468公里。“216片”为自行车优先道 网络,规划里程共计885公里。
China UTC, 30/09/2018

Robert Venturi: the bad-taste architect who took a sledgehammer to modernism
Robert Venturi, author of one of the 20th Century's best books on architecture, 'Learning from Las Vegas', has died. The Guardian: "Venturi was one of the most influential figures in 20th-century architecture, taking an erudite sledgehammer to the dogmas of modernism and arguing for a world that embraced history, diversity and humour."
The Guardian, 20/09/2018

Induced Demand
The complex sets of inputs required for quantifying induced demand—including local economic and demographic conditions, the quality and availability of alternative transportation options, and the decision-making processes of thousands of individual actors—leave plenty of room for interpretation.
Citylab, 06/09/2018

石家庄市首条公交BRT计划年内开工
石家庄拟建设BRT系统,计划年内正式开工。首条快速公交BRT 1号线将选址石家庄市东西向主轴槐安路,全长约27公里。
www.hebnews.cn, 15/08/2018

See No Evil
An article explaining the robustness of supply chains. 'Tributaries' rather than 'chains'. ... "In some sense all gold is the same, so you just buy the cheapest gold you can get. But if you look at it in another way, it matters how it was mined and transported. And then all of the sudden, every piece of gold is a little bit different."
Miriam Posner, Logic Magazine, 11/08/2018

A Once-Maligned Concrete Megastructure in Seoul is Revitalized—Sans Gentrification
A focus on infill and re-use is example for some of the largely abandoned areas in cities like Ji'an, China. "Now, thanks to the Remaking Sewoon Project, which Seoul mayor Park Won-soon spearheaded in 2015, Sewoon Sangga is poised as an adaptive- reuse success story in the city’s post–2008 recession efforts to improve walkability, connect communities, and nurture creative growth."
Metropolis, 08/08/2018

Secret document warns vision for Sydney's light rail ignored realities
A 'Lessons for Light Rail' report says the project for a light rail from Sydney's CBD to the eastern suburbs should have had a more detailed design process with a longer evaluation and negotiation period. The report notes that "Visions were promoted before understanding the real constraints of the project - the underground utilities and drainage."
SMH, 05/08/2018

人工智能系统进入上海公交,智慧站牌呼之欲出
智慧公交站牌包含三大模块:公交动态信息发布大屏、乘客互动查询触摸屏、便民援助服务终端。能实时发布各条公交线路的站点、下一班公交车预计到站时间、未来几班公交车的载客人数等实用信息,还能识别上车人数和下车人数。
bus-info.cn, 27/07/2018

China made solar panels cheap. Now it’s doing the same for electric buses.
"Battery electric buses are still a nascent technology; they haven’t hit the steep upward slope of the S-curve yet. For city and county authorities, the decision between BEBs and diesel or natural gas buses is still agonizingly difficult, involving considerations about infrastructure, interoperability, lock-in, and lifecycle analysis that are new to many of them. So the market needs a kick in the pants to really get moving. And it looks like China is providing it."
Vox, 24/07/2018

高德地图:2018Q2中国主要城市交通分析报告
2018Q2老牌堵城北京重回榜首,广州紧随其后 根据高德地图交通大数据监测的100个主要城市结果显示,本季北京高峰拥堵延时指数2.095,广州高峰延时指数2.030,分别位于榜单第一、二位。北京本季高峰平均车速22.4km/h,广州车速22.60km/h,从车速运行最慢城市榜来看北京排第9,广州排第11。重庆、哈尔滨、银川、上海指数在1.90以上位于第二阶梯,济南、贵阳、珠海、长春高峰拥堵延时指数小于1.90,位于第三阶梯。
Useit, 20/07/2018

Apartment buildings are illegal to build in 73.5% of San Francisco
"Apartment building" is defined to be a building with 3 or more homes. It is illegal to build a building with more than 5 homes in 87% of San Francisco. Many apartment buildings already exist in the red and orange areas but would be illegal to build today.
vadimg (data SF Gov, code Github), 19/07/2018

厦门启动全国首个商用级5G技术 BRT将实现智能辅助驾驶
六月底厦门BRT将启动实施5G技术改造,最快今年年底,厦门BRT将实现L2级别的智能辅助驾驶,不仅驾驶员实现“减负”,公交车还可实现精准停靠,且行驶更加安全。
中规院交通院, 15/06/2018

Madrid Takes Its Car Ban to the Next Level
Following an announcement this week, the Spanish capital confirmed that, starting in November, all non-resident vehicles will be barred from a zone that covers the entirety of Madrid’s center. The only vehicles that will be allowed in this zone are cars that belong to residents who live there, zero-emissions delivery vehicles, taxis, and public transit.
Citylab, 24/05/2018

Chicago Parking Meter Lease Slow-Motion Train Wreck Only Has 65 More Years to Go
Chicago’s parking meter system raked in $134.2 million last year, putting private investors on pace to recoup their entire $1.16 billion investment by 2021 with 62 years to go in the lease, the latest annual audit shows. Chicago has converted what used to be $23.8 million in annual revenues for the city and turned it into a $21.7 million expense.
Urbanophile, 17/05/2018

发改委:中小城市不宜过高预估高铁带动作用 盲目造城
China's top national economic planner has issued guidelines specifying that land around high speed rail stations earmarked for development should not on average exceed 50 hectares, although for a small number of stations, that figure goes to up to 100 ha. The NDRC said that new high-speed railway lines should not lead to the partitioning of cities; stations should be located within, or as near as possible to, central urban areas for convenience of passengers; and buildings should not be ostentatious, grandiose projects. Unfortunately, the horse has bolted and these guidelines probably should have been provided a decade ago.
财新网, 09/05/2018

Electric Buses Are Hurting the Oil Industry
China had about 99 percent of the 385,000 electric buses on the roads worldwide in 2017, accounting for 17 percent of the country’s entire fleet. Every five weeks, Chinese cities add 9,500 of the zero-emissions transporters—the equivalent of London’s entire working fleet, according Bloomberg New Energy Finance. For every 1,000 battery-powered buses on the road, about 500 barrels a day of diesel fuel will be displaced from the market.
Bloomberg, 24/04/2018

The Real Reason Your Local Mall is Failing
"And we should also recognize where our wealth really comes from. It comes from our downtown and our core neighborhoods (those within walking distance of the downtown). It certainly doesn't come from people driving through those places. It doesn't come from people commuting in. It doesn't come from tourists or developers or the potential of land development out on the edge."
Strong Towns, 23/04/2018

广州市停车场条例
广州停车新条例将从2018年10月1日起实施。道路停车届时恢复收费,采用阶梯标准并实行信息化管理。同时根据道路交通运行情况和停车需求变化动态调整泊位设置。
广州市人大常委会机关信息化办公室, 23/04/2018

THE DISGRACEFUL DOCKLESS DRAMA: WHAT DOCKLESS BIKES/SCOOTERS ARE EXPOSING
"For the first time, scooters and bikes, the absolute rockstars of urban mobility, have started coming close to enjoying a similar user experience as cars: the convenient user experience of go anywhere, park anywhere. If cities allow and mandate that we be able to park cars everywhere, why shouldn’t bikes have the same convenience? Especially considering they require 10 times less space than cars and offer enormous efficiency, environmental, cost, and health benefits."
Have A Go, 18/04/2018

The Strange Beauty Of Brutalist Architecture, Mid-Demolition
The average age of a building being demolished in the 1950s was 111 years [...] By the early 2000s, the age was down to 60 years. That number seems to still be dropping: another study pegged the age of some demolished buildings at less than 50 years.
co.design, 11/04/2018

Transit retail hitting the mark as train stations multiply
"Transit hubs, like hospitals and airports, are the new frontiers for retailers... Sydney Metro Northwest are planning to deliver retail offerings that are station specific and complementary to the broader newly created station precinct and retail already on offer in the immediate area."
Sydney Morning Herald, 07/04/2018

北京市严控核心区、副中心机动车保有量
北京市第十五届人大常委会第三次会议30日表决通过《北京市机动车停车条例》。条例要求,严控首都功能核心区、城市副中心机动车保有量;逐步建立居住停车区域认证机制;中心城区范围内的经营性停车设施,应当24小时开放。
财经网 Caijing, 02/04/2018

无惧零下47℃极寒低温 比亚迪纯电动客车勇战海拉尔
自今年1月始,受到强冷空气超强待机的影响,海拉尔最低气温突破零下47℃,逼近历史最低值,开启“极寒模式”。在如此极端严寒的环境下,比亚迪K8纯电动客车及部分新车型自去年12月驶入海拉尔,开启为期约100天的高寒强化测试,在-10℃至-50℃低温环境下挑战纯电动客车全天候及各种路况下的产品可靠性和安全性。
EV视界, 16/03/2018

Paris Offers Sweet Incentives to Ditch Your Car for a Bike
The city will reimburse residents who buy e-bikes and cargo bikes by up to €600. A better bet for cities than massive electric car subsidies that do nothing to address congestion issues?
Bicycling, 07/03/2018

California's Love of Cars Is Fueling Its Housing Crisis
Adding an above-ground parking spot costs $27,000, just for construction, while an underground space runs around $35,000, according to Donald Shoup in 2014.
Bloomberg, 06/03/2018

Highrise car parks to be banned in drive to improve city streetscapes
Underground car parking would be the only type allowed in most city apartment and office developments, under new rules being considered by Melbourne City Council. Many additional streetscape-improving policies are being planned.
The Age, 15/02/2018

China’s SUV Sales Rise Sharply, Underpin Gasoline Demand
SUVs now account for 40 percent of the country’s passenger vehicle market, up from 17 percent in 2013.
The Fuse, 02/02/2018

These maps reveal the truth about population density across Europe
Simply dividing the number of people by the land area of a country is not always the best way to understand population density.
CityMetric, 25/01/2018

Didi has a brilliant plan to contain the threat of China’s bike-sharing services
By introducing its own bike sharing service inside its own app, Didi aims to tame Ofo and Bluegogo. It wants them to exist as features inside its app, rather than develop services that could challenge Didi’s dominance.
Techcrunch, 17/01/2018

Why experts believe cheaper, better lidar is right around the corner
Lidar used to cost $75,000, but the price may fall to $100. Like radar, lidar scanners can measure distances with high accuracy. Some lidar sensors can even measure velocity, and lidar provides high resolution and works about as well in any lighting.
Ars Technica, 01/01/2018

Empty Buses Allegedly Help Automaker Get Its Hands On Electric Car Subsidies
A national rule compels carmakers to prove that a customer has driven a new-energy car at least 30,000 km on the road before the manufacturer can apply for a subsidy for it.
Caixin, 28/12/2017

推进绿色交通发展 服务交通强国建设——《关于全面深入推进绿色交通发展的意见》的解读
绿色出行比例显著提升。大中城市中心城区绿色出行比例达到70%以上,建成一批公交都市示范城市。
中华人民共和国交通运输部, 06/12/2017

独家|呼市两条地铁及呼鄂高速被叫停 内蒙古内查大型基建项目融资
据财新记者从多位知情人士处了解,总投资规模高达300亿元的包头市轨道交通项目已在8月初被叫停。与此同时,多位银行业及监管人士还透露,内蒙古省会城市呼和浩特的3、4号线地铁项目,以及呼和浩特到鄂尔多斯的高速公路项目也被叫停。
财新网, 13/11/2017

London's Oxford Street could be traffic-free by December 2018, says mayor
Large parts of London's Oxford Street could be pedestrianised by December 2018, under plans put forward by London Mayor Sadiq Khan.
BBC, 06/11/2017

London Overground is experimenting with telling passengers which bits of the next train is busiest
Can the same be done for BRT buses on high frequency lines?
CityMetric, 17/10/2017

北京天通苑至中关村2018年建9公里自行车高速路
据了解,2017年计划针对 600公里自行车和步道进行治理,其中朝阳路、朝阳北路等重点道路步行自行车系统整治将在年底完成。同时,回龙观(天通苑至中关村)近9公里自行车高速路也正在规划中,将于2018年逐步落地。
千龙网, 12/10/2017

Amsterdam Rethinks the Traffic Light’s Role in City Planning
“In the end, traffic light infrastructure is an infrastructure for cars, not an infrastructure for people on bikes and people walking. In locations with high levels of people on bikes and people walking, traffic lights maybe aren’t appropriate.”
Next City, 05/10/2017

UK is on the road to a cycling revolution
Mobike and the other new arrivals, Ofo, OBike and Urbo, find themselves in harmony with the UK government's health and transportation plans.
China Daily, 30/09/2017

More showers, lockers for workers who cycle to office could be a reality, with grant extension
Singapore transport authority funds construction of facilities, Travel Smart Rewards, and Travel Smart Consultancy Vouchers
Straits Times, 29/09/2017

移动支付战火燃至交通出行 银联闪付5个月连下20城
"交通出行这一高频交易场景,是银联最新的战场。如果说上述两大砝码是银联作为卡组织的天然可见优势,那么银联在后台不断做出的市场化调整,或许才是其下一步直面竞争的关键。"
证券时报网, 28/09/2017

Tfl plans to make £322m by collecting data from passengers' mobiles via Tube Wi-Fi
TfL in 2016 ran a pilot which tracked Wi-Fi signals from 5.6 million phones as people moved around the London Underground, even if they weren't connected to a Wi-Fi network. It is now in consultation about tracking passengers on a permanent basis.
Sky News, 27/09/2017

面对人大常委会质询,南昌市长向500多万市民道歉
井冈山大道上的南昌公交BRT工程耽误了工期,这是因为政府部门发现此前规划设计有不合理的地方,为此做了优化。“这个工程确实有点慢,我代表政府向广大市民道歉。”
凤凰网资讯, 23/09/2017

Bike-sharing schemes might seem like a waste of space but the economics makes sense
The economic models behind dockless bike share schemes actually have as much to do with data mining, advertising and turning a profit from interest on the deposits as from the bike rental itself.
The Conversation, 19/09/2017

Build it and they will come? Why Britain's 1960s cycling revolution flopped
“If the reasons for Stevenage’s failure to encourage cycling were that it was too easy to drive, then no amount of investment in marketing the town’s cycling facilities would have changed travel behaviour.”
The Guardian, 19/09/2017